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作者:国家认监委   时间:2009-06-09   来源:国家认监委  本文现已有点击 次
The OIML, ILAC and the IAF
The OIML, ILAC and the IAF: Strengthening cooperation and working towards a Global Approach
In my capacity as OIML Liaison Officer with ILAC and the IAF, and as Project Leader for the OIML Mutual Acceptance Arrangement at the Bureau International de Métrologie Légale (BIML), I am honored to support the ILAC/IAF International Accreditation Day.
Legal Metrology has a great impact on the economy and on society, since it provides credible measurements for trade, health, safety, environmental protection and law enforcement. As technology continues to advance, the need for Legal Metrology becomes increasingly felt and developing partnerships to keep up with these changes has become a pressing priority.
Legal Metrology also facilitates data exchanges and contributes to reducing the necessity to duplicate measurements. To this end, the OIML publishes International Recommendations which are model technical regulations to be used in each Member State as a basis for developing national regulations and which are in fact “international standards” in the sense of the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (WTO TBT) Agreement.
In 1991, the OIML set up the OIML Certificate System for type evaluation of measuring instruments. This System allows national Issuing Authorities, which are designated by the OIML representatives in the various Member States, to issue OIML Certificates of Conformity based on measuring instrument testing according to the relevant OIML Recommendations. This System aims to facilitate, accelerate and harmonize work at the national or regional levels, and manufacturers may use their Certificates to support their national or regional type evaluation applications.
In addition to the OIML Certificate System, the OIML has developed its Mutual Acceptance Arrangement (MAA) which strengthens confidence in national testing results by setting up an assessment of national Testing Laboratories responsible for type evaluation of measuring instruments. These Testing Laboratories are assessed either by accreditation or by peer assessment, using the criteria laid down in ISO/IEC 17025. Setting up this OIML MAA has therefore greatly contributed to reinforcing existing cooperation with ILAC.
Recognition of test results is a first step, and the OIML is revising its Certificate System and the MAA in order to establish a global approach which could include testing, initial certification of measuring instruments, initial inspection, and guidance on periodic in-service inspection of measuring instruments. Cooperation with ILAC and the IAF is essential to create confidence in measurement results and facilitate their use all over the world.
Mrs. Régine Gaucher
OIML Liaison Officer with ILAC/IAF
MAA Project Leader
 
International Standards Organization
Standards and accreditation provide a framework of trust for marketing and purchasing goods and services. In competitive and open markets, both government and business rely on trust to ensure a fair exchange of safe goods and services. The essential aspect of accreditation is that it underpins this confidence because it is a valid means of verifying claims about quality, performance, and competence. With the globalization not only of trade, but of many other issues such as climate change and environmental protection, security and health, trust must be achieved globally. The use of ISO International Standards as the reference criteria for accreditation and the development of the ILAC and IAF MLAs are therefore key to building trust across borders and promoting best practices in conformity assessment worldwide.
 
Those having requirements for the assessment of compliance of products and services, whether in the regulated areas or for private transactions, have come to recognise the importance of credible accreditation programs that are based on internationally recognised standards and subject to mutual recognition. With restricted budgets, many government agencies can no longer do it all themselves; increasingly, they must rely on accredited conformity assessment to support their regulatory policies. Accreditation based on ISO standards and ILAC and IAF MLAs provides that and assists in meeting the commitments taken in the context of the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade.
- Alan Bryden, ISO Secretary-General
International Electrotechnical Commission
IEC's successful conformity assessment schemes build trust through the peer assessment process and many of their participating certification bodies and testing laboratories are assessed both by accreditation bodies and by their peers. Therefore the IEC works closely with the international accreditation network in order to reduce costs for all stakeholders in conformity assessment. Close cooperation relieves any duplication burden on business whilst enhancing the assessment process overall.
- Don Gray, Vice President
 
International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM)
As the Director of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (in French, Bureau International des Poids et Mesures or BIPM), I am delighted to lend my support to your "International Accreditation Day."
Accurate and traceable measurement is increasingly important in science, commerce, in the monitoring of our environment and in new areas of application such as laboratory medicine and forensic science.
The metrology community has been working with its accreditation colleagues for many years so as to enhance world - wide confidence and trust in measurement. BIPM's major contribution is through the network of National Metrology Institutes which maintain and disseminate national standards that provide traceability to the International System of Units (in French, the Système international d'unités, the SI). The NMIs establish and maintain national standards based on the long-term stability and universality provided by the SI, and provide calibrations to, amongst others, accredited laboratories. These laboratories then offer calibration services to others, so establishing national chains of traceable measurement results. This unique combination provides the soundest possible basis for ensuring reliable measurement and international consistency.
The effectiveness of this international measurement system is formalised in the Mutual Recognition Arrangement of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (the abbreviation of the French title is CIPM MRA) and the ILAC arrangement. From the BIPM's point of view, we are committed to working together to further strengthen our collaboration with ILAC/IAF so as to create a more powerful and influential support for international trust in accurate measurement.
- Andrew Wallard, Director
World Anti-Doping Agency
Accreditation plays a pivotal role in supporting The World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA) mandate to monitor compliance to the WADA International Standard for Laboratories (ISL) in the fight against doping in sport. 
Laboratories that wish to perform anti-doping analyses of sport samples under the World Anti-Doping Code must achieve and maintain accreditation from WADA. Collaboration between WADA and ILAC ensure that assessment of laboratories can be carried out to the WADA ISL standard and ISO/IEC 17025 concurrently. This ensures that stakeholders, including athletes, sport organizations, governments and the general public can trust the results from accredited laboratories.
Dr. Olivier Rabin, Director
CITAC - Cooperation on International Traceability in Analytical Chemistry
CITAC supports the idea of the International Accreditation Day
The mission of the Cooperation on International Traceability in Analytical Chemistry (CITAC) is to improve traceability of the results of chemical measurements everywhere in the world and to ensure that analytical measurements made in different countries and/or at different times are comparable. The main issue of the CITAC strategy is dissemination of the knowledge accumulated in the field of metrology in chemistry to as many as possible analytical laboratories. CITAC prepares discussion and scientific papers for journals and guides for analytical laboratories in relation to metrological traceability, measurement uncertainty and analytical quality assurance. Together with ILAC and other international organizations CITAC organises seminars, symposia and workshops to assist analytical laboratories with tools for establishing traceability to “stated references”.
In general CITAC plays a bridging role in the field of analytical chemistry between industries, regulatory bodies, universities, and metrology, standardisation and accreditation bodies. More details about the CITAC activity are available at the website: http://www.citac.cc/ .
Because of these goals CITAC has close links with ILAC. In particular, CITAC is a stakeholder of ILAC through the ILAC Laboratory Committee, several ILAC representatives are the CITAC members, etc.
Thus, I am happy to support on behalf of CITAC the International Accreditation Day proposed by ILAC (9 June) that closely follows the World Metrology Day (20 May).

Dr. Ilya Kuselman,
CITAC Chairman
World Health Organization
Quality and safety of blood are critical for patient care. Accreditation of blood banks using national standards is a step forward to ensure availability of safe blood.
WHO recognizes that accreditation plays an important part in the health, safety and well-being of the public. Critical decisions reliant on accurate tests are made hundreds of time each day throughout the world. Assurance that the test reports are reliable, that it conforms to the requirements of the specific test, is supported by accreditation. WHO fully supports standards and accreditation as providing a framework for quality assurance and patient safety. WHO works with the national and international accreditation community to promote blood safety and reliability of laboratory tests.
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